[SOLVED] About Debian 11 Live Boot & persistence options: bind or union

D

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I am using Debian 11 bullseye live iso in USB. I need persistence mode. But which one? I read there are two options : bind and union. I am asking about it, because in live boot options man page it says that :

"At boot time it will look for a (read-only) medium containing a "/live" directory where a root filesystems (often a compressed filesystem image like squashfs) is stored. If found, it will create a writable environment, using aufs, to boot the system from."

So, for every live boot, boot=live option looks for(or makes I am not sure) read-only partition, can bind option make any changes about its read-only attribute? In other words, can I update kernel by using update-initramfs -u command succesfully without getting

"I: update-initramfs is disabled (live system is running on read-only media)."

error?
 


captain-sensible

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you can have a look at this scetion of thread : https://linux.org/threads/usb-linux-boot-ventoy.29944/post-116948

Its about getting persistence for a linux OS on a usb using Ventoy and then at end using Debian 10.9

maybe you can adapt it for your needs ?
 
OP
D

Deleted member 127267

Guest
you can have a look at this scetion of thread : https://linux.org/threads/usb-linux-boot-ventoy.29944/post-116948

Its about getting persistence for a linux OS on a usb using Ventoy and then at end using Debian 10.9

maybe you can adapt it for your needs ?

Hi captain , thanks for answer. I have already got persistence by using boot options, I am able to install-remove programs, packages, etc. No problem with persistence. However, my problem is about updating "initramfs"- updating kernel. When I try to update it, it gives error. How can I overcome this repacking kernel problem? I am looking for solution because it prevents me from installing my ATI graphics card driver. As a result ot graphics card installation failre, even I opened mvp player my screen colors all-mixed-up with their negative ones !
 
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